Published on Mon Jul 19 2021

Comparison of Pandemic Intervention Policies in Several Building Types Using Heterogeneous Population Model

Lazebnik, T., Alexi, A.

In a world where pandemics are a matter of time, governments should be prepared with pandemic intervention policies. Successful pandemic IPs have to take into consideration the heterogeneous behavior of individuals in different types of buildings and social contexts.

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Abstract

In a world where pandemics are a matter of time and increasing urbanization of the world's population, governments should be prepared with pandemic intervention policies (IPs) to minimize the crisis direct and indirect adverse effects while keeping normal life as much as possible. Successful pandemic IPs have to take into consideration the heterogeneous behavior of individuals in different types of buildings and social contexts. In this study, we propose a spatio-temporal, heterogeneous population model and in silico simulation to evaluate pandemic IPs in four types of buildings - home, office, school, and mall. We show that indeed each building type has a unique pandemic spread and therefore a different optimal IP. Moreover, we show that temporal-based IPs (such as mask wearing) have a similar influence on the pandemic spread in all four building types while spatial-based IPs (such as social distance) highly differ.