Published on Wed Aug 25 2021

Yash Verma, Upasana Mehra, Dharmendra Kumar Pandey, Joy Kar, Xochitl Pérez-Martinez, Siddhartha S Jana, Kaustuv Datta

The synthesis of Cox1, the conserved catalytic-core subunit of Complex IV, a multi-subunit machinery of the mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) system under environmental stress is not sufficiently addressed. We show that Mrx8 is a bonafide mitochondrial protein

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Abstract

The synthesis of Cox1, the conserved catalytic-core subunit of Complex IV, a multi-subunit machinery of the mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) system under environmental stress is not sufficiently addressed. In this study, we show that the putative YihA superfamily GTPase, Mrx8 is a bonafide mitochondrial protein required for Cox1 translation initiation and elongation during suboptimal growth condition at 16°C. Mrx8 was found in a complex with mitochondrial ribosomes, consistent with a role in protein synthesis. Cells expressing mutant Mrx8 predicted to be defective in guanine nucleotide binding and hydrolysis were compromised for robust cellular respiration. We show that requirement of Pet309 and Mss51 for cellular respiration is not bypassed by overexpression of Mrx8 and vice versa. Consistently the ribosomal association of Mss51 is independent of Mrx8. Significantly, we find that