Published on Thu Aug 12 2021

Genetic and Epigenetic Fine-Tuning of TGFB1 Expression Within the Human Osteoarthritic Joint.

Sarah J Rice, Jack B Roberts, Maria Tselepi, Abby Brumwell, Julia Falk, Charlotte Steven, John Loughlin

Osteoarthritis (OA) is an age-related disease characterized by articular cartilage degeneration. It is largely heritable and genetic screening has identified single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) marking genomic risk loci. One such locus is marked by the G

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Abstract

Osteoarthritis (OA) is an age-related disease characterized by articular cartilage degeneration. It is largely heritable, and genetic screening has identified single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) marking genomic risk loci. One such locus is marked by the G>A SNP rs75621460, downstream of TGFB1. This gene encodes transforming growth factor β1, the correct expression of which is essential for cartilage maintenance. This study investigated the regulatory activity of rs75621460 to characterize its impact on TGFB1 expression in disease-relevant patient samples (n = 319) and in Tc28a2 immortalized chondrocytes.