Published on Wed Jul 14 2021

Plasma P-selectin is an early marker of thromboembolism in COVID-19

Fenyves, B. G., Mehta, A., MGH COVID-19 Collection & Processing Team, , Kays, K., Goldberg, M., Hacohen, N., Filbin, M.

Coagulopathy and thromboembolism are known complications of SARS-CoV-2 infection. The mechanisms of COVID-19-associated hematologic complications involve endothelial cell and platelet dysfunction and have been intensively studied. We leveraged a prospectively collected

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Abstract

Coagulopathy and thromboembolism are known complications of SARS-CoV-2 infection. The mechanisms of COVID-19-associated hematologic complications involve endothelial cell and platelet dysfunction and have been intensively studied. We leveraged a prospectively collected acute COVID-19 biorepository to study the association of plasma levels of a comprehensive list of coagulation proteins with the occurrence of venous thromboembolic events (VTE). We included in our analysis 305 subjects with confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection who presented to an urban Emergency Department with acute respiratory distress during the first COVID-19 surge in 2020; 13 (4.2%) were subsequently diagnosed with venous thromboembolism during hospitalization. Serial samples were obtained and assays were performed on two highly-multiplexed proteomic platforms. Nine coagulation proteins were differentially expressed in patients with thromboembolic events. P-selectin, a cell adhesion molecule on the surface of activated endothelial cells, displayed the strongest association with the diagnosis of VTE, independent of disease severity (p=0.0025). This supports the importance of endothelial activation in the mechanistic pathway of venous thromboembolism in COVID-19. P-selectin together with D-dimer upon hospital presentation provided better discriminative ability for VTE diagnosis than D-dimer alone.