Published on Fri Jul 23 2021

Extracellular detection of neuronal coupling.

Elmer Guzman, Zhuowei Cheng, Paul K Hansma, Kenneth R Tovar, Linda R Petzold, Kenneth S Kosik

Method uses microelectrode arrays on which neurons are cultured and from which propagation of extracellular action potentials (eAPs) in single axons are recorded. Detecting eAP propagation bypasses ambiguity introduced by spike sorting.

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Abstract

We developed a method to non-invasively detect synaptic relationships among neurons from in vitro networks. Our method uses microelectrode arrays on which neurons are cultured and from which propagation of extracellular action potentials (eAPs) in single axons are recorded at multiple electrodes. Detecting eAP propagation bypasses ambiguity introduced by spike sorting. Our methods identify short latency spiking relationships between neurons with properties expected of synaptically coupled neurons, namely they were recapitulated by direct stimulation and were sensitive to changing the number of active synaptic sites. Our methods enabled us to assemble a functional subset of neuronal connectivity in our cultures.